Henry Moore, Six Mother and Child Studies, 1976, Signed, Etching and aquatint, Edition 55/90, 25 1/2" x 18" Sheet Size
Henry Moore was born in 1898 in Castleford, England. As early as elementary school, he began constructing objects out of modeling clay and showed an interest in medieval sculpture. After being injured in a 1917 gas attack in World War I, Moore was awarded a grant to attend Leeds College of Art. In 1921 he enrolled at the Royal College of Art in London, where he was exposed to the sculpture in the ethnographic collections in the British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum. He also became familiar with the works of Konstanin Brancusi and Henri Gaudier. Like many artists after 1945, World War II and the effects of the atomic bomb influenced Moore creative output, as he began to sculpt non-descript, elemental forms that are not attributable to any single nationality. His figures gradually became more contorted and abstract, and would eventually result in the popular image of Moore's style: Monumental, bulbous figures and shapes meant for public display. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Moore numerous original lithographs, etchings and aquatints. The subject matter remained the unchanged, and while the works were two-dimensional, they still gave the viewer the impression of three-dimensional shapes in the open space. For most of his life, Moore worked in England, and eventually became a trustee of the National Gallery and the Tate Gallery. His outdoor works are on display throughout North America and Europe, as well as in Israel, Australia, and Hong Kong. He died in 1989 in Hertfordshire.